Collective management organizations in Armenia

It was in 1930 that the “Statutes of Author’s right”, the first document on copyright was adopted in Armenia and the main provisions thereof envisaged the protection of copyright and an adequate remuneration to authors for the use of their works.

The establishment of a body was required for the implementation of this decision - a body that would supervise the use of works after their publication by authors or by their permission, conduct negotiations with user organizations on conditions of use and remuneration, collect the royalties on behalf of authors and their distribution, in other words, to manage the economic rights of authors.

In 1933 the “Haydramcom”, the Armenian branch of Trans-Caucasian Committee of playwriters and composers was established. This was the first organization uniting and representing the authors and it  was protecting the author’s rights, supervising the public performances of dramatic works (plays), dramatico-musical works (operas, operettas, ballet) and musical works with or without words, as well as it was collecting the author's royalties from the user organizations.

 Later, the All-Union Administration for the Protection of Author's rights was established (December,1937) in Moscow , the Armenian branch of which was the above-mentioned «Haydramcom». For many years it was acting as the Armenian branch of the All-Union Administration for the Protection of Author's right. In 1973 when the USSR became member to Geneva's Universal Copyright Convention of 1952, the All-Union Agency on Copyright (AUAC) was established in Moscow, which, in its turn, established branches in all Soviet Republics, including Armenia.

The AUAC, besides protecting the author's rights in the territory of USSR through its branches, it was also representing the multinational culture abroad, contributing to the exchange of cultural values, representing authors' rights and interests abroad and it was protecting the rights and interests of foreign authors in the territory of USSR, concluding license agreements for the use of works. The AUAC was providing its foreign partners with the necessary information on the new works of Soviet Union authors and it was assisting in the dissemination of information on works of foreign authors.

These activities were carried out through its Armenian branch until 1992. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the Armenian branch of AUAC was dissolved. There was a need to create a body that would be responsible for this field and could protect the rights of Armenian authors in the territory of the Republic of Armenia. To this end, the Armenian Government, by its decision N 645 of December 27, 1993, established the National Copyright Agency that was acting until March 2002.

The main objectives of the Agency were the following:

- Protection of copyright and related rights in the territory of Armenia, establishment of legislative framework for the given field

- Collection of royalties and their distribution to authors for the public performance of scientific, literary and artistic works, as well as for the use of works of applied and fine art in the industry, reproduction of works through recordings.

The set objectives did require that the Armenian National Copyright Agency simultaneously would implement two important functions – creation of a new direction for copyright and related rights and its enforcement. The implementation of these two important objectives by one State institution is not common in European countries and in United States. From long ago, about a century, there were separate nongovernmental organizations in Europe and United States, which were collecting the royalties by the authorization of the authors and distributing them to the authors. Anyhow, many post Soviet countries, including Armenia, chose another way which was right for the beginning of 90s. It is impossible to manage the author's rights without having any legal framework. Nevertheless, it would have been irrelevant to stop the collection and distribution of royalties until the establishment of new legislative framework. The Armenian artists, like never before, needed the remuneration for the use of their works. The difficult economic conditions at the beginning and mid 90s urged the composers, playwriters and writers , painters and other artists to approach the newly established Agency, the address of which remained the same even after the dissolution of AUAC and request their royalties. Anyhow, the inclusion of two different functions in one State institution was a necessary condition to preserve the positive aspect coming from Soviet times.

There is another psychological reason for the relevance of creating State Agency. Since Soviet times there was a confidence exclusively on State organizations and some time was required to understand the need of nongovernmental organizations and instill confidence into these organizations. At the end of 90s it was required to separate these to functions and create a new, non commercial, non governmental organization that would deal with the author's rights in accordance with the newly adopted law. This new organization was Armauthor NGO. 


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    Karen Ananyan 45
  • Gayane Kesoyan 65

    Gayane  Kesoyan 65
  • Daniel erazhisht 75

    Daniel erazhisht 75
  • Martin Ulikhanjan 40

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  • Khachik Chalikyan 70

    Khachik Chalikyan 70
  • Elinar Sargsyan 65

    Elinar Sargsyan 65
  • Hasmik Manaseryan 80

    Hasmik Manaseryan 80
  • Vardan Atshemyan 65

    Vardan Atshemyan  65
  • Gagik Nazaryan 70 Haykazun

    Gagik Nazaryan 70 Haykazun
  • Makich Margaryan 70

    Makich  Margaryan  70
  • Voskehat Margaryan 70

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  • Armen Meliqsetyan 70

    Armen  Meliqsetyan  70
  • Norayr Mehrabyan 80

    Norayr Mehrabyan 80
  • Mikhail Kokzhaev 75

    Mikhail Kokzhaev  75
  • Tadevos Tonoyan 60

    Tadevos  Tonoyan  60
  • Gagik Karapetyan 70

    Gagik  Karapetyan  70
  • Karen Nersisyan 50

    Karen  Nersisyan  50
  • Robert Elibekyan 80

    Robert  Elibekyan  80
  • Armen Khandikjan 75

    Armen  Khandikjan 75
  • Qrist Manaryan 60

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  • Richard Madlenyan 40

    Richard  Madlenyan  40
  • Ruslan Galstyan 80

    Ruslan  Galstyan  80
  • Vahan Andriasyan 65

    Vahan Andriasyan 65
  • Naira Gyurjinyan

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  • Tigran Petrosyan 50

    Tigran Petrosyan  50
  • Levon Chaushyan 75

    Levon Chaushyan  75
  • Ervand Erkanyan 70

    Ervand  Erkanyan  70
  • Avetis Berberyan 55

    Avetis  Berberyan  55
  • Vigen Chaldranyan 65

    Vigen  Chaldranyan  65
  • Hrachya Harutyunyan 60

    Hrachya Harutyunyan 60
  • Konstantin Petrosyan

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